Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The excess skin cells form scales and red patches that are sometimes itchy and painful. Psoriasis can occur anywhere on the body, including the scalp.
There are several factors that can contribute to the development of psoriasis of the scalp, including:
- Genetics: Psoriasis tends to run in families, so if you have a family history of psoriasis, you may be more likely to develop the condition.
- Immune system dysfunction: Psoriasis is thought to be caused by an immune system dysfunction that leads to an overproduction of skin cells.
- Environmental triggers: Certain environmental factors can trigger the development of psoriasis or cause flare-ups. These triggers can include stress, infections, skin injuries, and certain medications.
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy or menopause, can contribute to the development of psoriasis.
- Alcohol consumption: Excessive alcohol consumption has been linked to an increased risk of developing psoriasis.
- Smoking: Smoking has been linked to an increased risk of developing psoriasis and can also make the condition worse.
Symptoms of psoriasis of the scalp can include red, scaly patches on the scalp, dandruff-like flakes, itching, and hair loss. The severity of symptoms can vary from person to person, and some people may have mild symptoms while others may have more severe symptoms.
Treatment for psoriasis of the scalp typically involves a combination of medications and lifestyle changes. Medications that may be used to treat psoriasis of the scalp include topical creams and ointments, light therapy, and oral medications. Lifestyle changes that may help manage the condition include reducing stress, avoiding environmental triggers, and maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine.
It is important to work closely with a healthcare provider to determine the best treatment plan for your specific needs. With proper treatment, it is possible to manage the symptoms of psoriasis of the scalp and improve the overall appearance and health of the scalp.